After age 18, your blood pressure should be checked at least once every two years or more often if necessary for hypertension (high blood pressure) or pre-hypertension (elevated blood pressure).
Normal - 120/80mmHg or below
Pre-hypertension - Between 120/80 mmHg and 140/90 mmHg
Hypertension - Above 140/90mmHg
Without lifestyle changes both hypertension and pre-hypertension can lead to potentially fatal diseases.
The American Diabetes Association recommends that adults age 45 years and older should have their fasting blood glucose level measured at least once every three years. If you are overweight and have one or more of the additional risk factors below, you should also get tested regardless of age.
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Family history of Diabetes
- African-American, Asian-American, Latino/Hispanic-American, Native American, or Pacific Islander decent
- History of Diabetes during pregnancy or delivering a baby over 9 pounds
If with these conditions your blood glucose levels are in the normal range, testing can be done every three years. If it is found that you have pre-diabetes, you should be checked for diabetes every one to two years.
Normal - Between 70-99 mg/dL
Pre-Diabetes - Between 100 and 125 mg/dL
Diabetes - Greater than 125 mg/dL, on more than one occasion
Learn more about Diabetes